Structure of the social system
Social law provides a range of support for psychologically sick and disabled persons, whereby it is expressly emphasized that the special needs of this group of persons are to be catered for accordingly (§ 27 Sect. 1 SGB V, § 10 Sect. 3 SGB IX) (Social Security Statute Book).
The legal social structure with its formal regulations, respective ordinances and guidelines and recommendations is, however, so complex that only few have an overview about the entire system.
Consultancy and information concerning legal claims is a task for the respective service provider (health fund, pension insurance, employment agency, social office, integration office, etc.).
For consultancy and support of disabled persons or persons threatened by disability and their confidants (which includes relatives) concerning services for rehabilitation and respective participation, rehabilitation service providers have been obliged toset up common service centers. According to “door signs“, this process appears tobe progressing swiftly (often with the pension insurance funds), but locally the “service centers“ of the respective rehabilitation service providers still exist (health fund, pension insurance, employment agency, social and youth support agencies).
Some social services and benefits to which a psychologically ill person has a fundamental right depend on the availability of such services on a local basis. This applies, for example, for facilities for rehabilitation, of which there are relatively few on a national level.
With regard to the issue of regional availability of facilities and services, please contact the social psychiatric services, which are available almost everywhere,and which normally provide a goodoverviewof the regional support available. In addition, most regions have a psychiatric coordinator who has a professional overview of thesituation. Sometimes you can find “psychosocial address books“ or “guides“. (Also refer to "The Care System")
Elements of the social security system
The most important elements of social security in the case of psychological illness or disability are the following:
For illness: Services of treatment include
In cases of (imminent) disability. Services for rehabilitation and participation include
Support and compensations (especially the disabled person’s pass)
Support in case of need for care (in accordance with the Care Insurance law)
Securing subsistencedepending on the personal situation before and during sickness or disablement is covered by a range of services and benefits, which include