Aggression and violence are part of everyday life in many households, whether with or without mental illness. If aggression and assaults occur in connection with a mental illness, this involves fears in many families which are difficult to define. There is great uncertainty what the causes of such anxiety are, and their extent. An even greater challenge for relatives of mentally ill persons is to find a way of handling or overcoming the aggression of the person affected.
In a study carried out in 2014, the Bundesverband der Angehörigen psychisch erkrankter Menschen (BApK) e.V. (federal association of relatives of mentally ill persons) found out that aggression and violence in families is kept secret. It is not about blaming any of the persons involved: the aim is to find paths out of such distress.
In the course of de-escalation training, participants receive background knowledge on the phenomenon of domestic aggression and violence. Practical tips are provided concerning behavior in critical situations, and ways of finding relief for the relatives. A de-escalation course for relatives also has the objective of strengthening self-confidence and improving self-perception.